The prostate, located in the pelvis, is a gland of the male reproductive system. The inferior vesical artery, Internal pudendal artery, and middle rectal artery carry blood to the prostate. Located at the base of the bladder and encircles the urethra, which originates from the bladder, the prostate may enlarge over time. Although in most cases this enlargement of the gland is nonmalignant, in some patients it's a malignant process, which means it is prostate cancer.
Before getting into the discussion of how to reduce the risk of prostate cancer, Let’s get some basic ideas from the recorded data of theprostate cancer doctors in Bangalore regarding what is prostate cancer and what are the symptoms.
The following are the two cases of prostate enlargement:
Now let's discuss the pathophysiology of the situation. Why does the prostate enlarge?
Hormonal changes in testosterone and estrogen levels. Testosterone converts into a more potent form of testosterone, known as hydro testosterone.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is by far the most common form of prostate enlargement.
Prevalence increases with increasing age. It has been estimated that as much as 50% of male patients in their 60s are affected by BPH, and this rate gets increases as the patient grows older. It is a prevalent issue among elderly males.
There is an increased risk in specific individuals with metabolic syndrome and obesity. For some patients, it is like a pregenetic disposition.
Signs and Symptoms
So the enlargement of the prostate can lead to some signs and symptoms. Now, what are those symptoms, and how to identify them? The most common signs of prostate cancer are:
Difficulty initiating and maintaining urination is referred to as urinary hesitancy, Straining is expected in this situation
Intermittent urine steam is when urination is on and off during the whole day
Nocturia is when patients urinate at night time, often awake at night with the sense of urination
Encore voiding is when even after finishing urination, there would be a feeling of urinating again. When the enlarged prostate is pushing the bladder constantly, the patient tends to feel this.
Dysuria is the state of burning sensation during initiating urination
Post Void Dribbling is after completing urination, dribbling may occur. Residual urine after voiding due to the issue passing obstruction by prostate
The inability to urinate is referred to as urinary Retention
More warning signs and symptoms of prostate cancer are the following:
Fever and chills
Hot flashes and night sweats
Spinal cord compression(Cauda Equina Syndrome)
Silent Renal Failure
Prevention of Prostate Cancer Through Diet and Exercise
What's more important is from a lifestyle perspective younger people. Because we think the process of cancer doesn’t start early on. Where lifestyle and dietary changes have really shown to have an impact early on as we are building our bodies in our teens and in our twenties and that's when it can make a difference. Physical exercise is important. Studies came out that say, men who survive prostate cancer are those who spend a certain amount of time exercising. But if we are looking for a big change, we have to start early in our lives. Unfortunately, medical science hasn’t come up with any drug so far to prevent prostate cancer yet. Some medications have been used for enlarged prostate to see if they reduce the risk of prostate cancer, but it hasn't been proven effective enough. While dealing with prostate cancer prevention, what we really would like to do at this point in time, since we can't prevent it, is to prevent the more aggressive high-risk prostate cancer. Only through certain lifestyle and dietary modifications, we may be able to accomplish that.
Another thing that might help in reducing the risk of prostate cancer is losing weight. Data show that patients with high body mass index seem to have a higher risk
Some data also show that maintaining the blood sugar level may benefit patients with prostate cancer.
Foods that can help reduce the risk of prostate cancer
Fruits containing lycopene, such as tomatoes, papaya, watermelon, apricot, grapefruit, etc.
Omega-3 fatty acids in fish and fish oils are good for prostate health
Citrus fruits such as lemons, grapefruit, oranges
Nuts containing Zinc like cashews, peanuts, almonds
Brazil nuts, as it includes a high level of selenium
Vitamin D supplementation is associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer
Freshly brewed tea
If you are looking forprostate cancer treatment in Bangalore, orany information on the subject matter, skilled and committed oncologists at CTI will guide you through the process of both early prevention and treatment procedures. Book an appointment through our website today.