Types of Cancer Treatment

cancer treatment bangalore

There are several types of cancer treatment, and the type of treatment you receive depends on the type of cancer you have and its severity. Based on your particular health situation, you may get one treatment or you may get a combination of treatments. Deciding which combination of treatments is best for you is critical. It can also be overwhelming. That’s why it is necessary to seek out doctors who treat every stage of cancer.

Our team of oncologists in Bangalore includes board-certified cancer specialists with advanced training and expertise in many cancers—including breast, lung, throat, cervical, ovarian, pancreatic, prostate, colorectal, melanoma, lymphomas and more—as well as the several treatment options available to fight them. These medical specialists are just some of the experts delivering comprehensive care at Cancer Therapy India.

Why it's done

The aim of cancer treatment is to cure your cancer and restore your ability to live a normal and healthy life. Depending on your specific situation, this may or may not be possible. If a cure isn't possible, your treatments may be used to shrink or slow the progression of your cancer so that you can live symptom free for as long as possible.

How we treat cancer

Our cancer specialists treat cancer with a wide range of standard-of-care and innovative procedures and approaches, including high-tech diagnostic tools, targeted radiation therapies, minimally invasive surgical techniques and treatments identified using precision medicine tools.

Types of Cancer Treatments


It is one of the most common forms of treatment which is used for many types of cancer. It helps treat cancer by physically removing it from your body. Some types of surgery involve cutting into your body to reach cancer. Your surgery may be open (with a larger incision) or minimally invasive (with tiny incisions), depending on the location of cancer and other factors. Other surgical treatments use different approaches, such as cryosurgery, which kills cancer cells with cold temperatures.

The goal of surgery in treating cancer varies from total to partial tumour removal. As opposed to systemic treatments such as chemotherapy, which treats cancer throughout your body, surgery is only used on cancers that are localised in a specific location. It is often used in conjunction with other treatment options as well.


It is a type of cancer treatment that uses medicines or drugs to keep cancer from spreading, makes it grow slower, or kills fast-growing cancer cells. It can cause some side effects because it kills cells in your body that grow rapidly, including those in your mouth, blood, digestive system, and hair follicles. There are more than 100 types of chemo drugs available.


Immunotherapy is a type of biological therapy, or biotherapy, that helps or uses your immune system to fight cancer. It either boosts your immune system or marks cancer cells so your immune system can locate and attack them more easily. You get immunotherapy by mouth as a pill, by rubbing cream into your skin, into a vein as an IV or through a catheter directly into your bladder.

Types of Immunotherapy

  • Immune checkpoint inhibitors 

  • Cancer vaccines

  • Monoclonal antibodies 

Radiation Therapy

This treatment uses focused and high-energy photon beams to kill cancerous cells. More than half of cancer patients will receive some sort of radiation therapy. It can be used alone or in combination with other therapies to shrink tumours before surgery or chemotherapy and destroy any cancer cells that might remain after other treatments.

Radiation is produced by a linear accelerator (LINAC). It uses microwave energy to accelerate electrons to nearly the speed of light within a contained area. When electrons clash with a metal barrier, strong X-rays known as photons are produced. The photons are shaped into beams and given to the patient through a gantry that rotates 360 degrees around the treatment table.

Types of Radiation or Radiotherapy for Cancer

  • Brachytherapy

  • 3D conformal radiation therapy

  • Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) 

  • Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) 

  • MRI linear accelerator

  • Proton therapy 

  • Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) 

  • Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) 

  • Stereotactic spine radiotherapy 

  • Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT)

Targeted Therapies

They’re strong medicine and usually paired with other treatments such as chemotherapy, but instead of killing all fast-growing cells, they home in on the parts of cancer cells that make them different from other cells. Targeted drugs can inhibit the growth of blood vessels from growing around cancer cells or turn off signals that tell cancerous cells to grow. They can also instruct your immune system to destroy them or change their proteins so they die.

Stem Cell and Bone Marrow Transplants

Stem cell or bone marrow transplants are treatments that are used to treat cancers such as leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma. These are cells in your blood and bone marrow that have not fully developed. They are used by your doctor to replace cells in your bone marrow that have been killed by prior treatments. This means you can get bigger doses of those therapies. Sometimes, stem cells can locate and kill cancer cells. You get stem cell transplants through a catheter, similar to a blood transfusion.

Hormone Therapy

It is also known as endocrine therapy which targets cancers that use hormones to grow. There are two kinds of hormone therapy: 

  • One that stops you from making hormones

  • One that keeps hormones from working the way they should

You can either take them as pills or get them like a shot. Sometimes you may require surgery to remove an organ that produces hormones, such as ovaries or testicles. Hormone therapy is also used with other treatments to shrink tumours before surgery or to kill cancer cells that have spread to other areas of your body. It can also reduce the chances that your cancer will return.

Precision Medicine

This new field, also known as personalized medicine, uses your genetic makeup and other factors to find out the best treatment for your cancer. In the “one-size-fits-all” model, your cancer surgeon chooses the treatment that works best on most cancers like yours. This medicine helps take some of the guesswork out of the selection process. It isn’t widely used for all types of cancer.

Cancer Therapy India is associated with some of the top surgical oncology hospitals in Bangalore, offering the entire range of cancer treatments by the top doctors and specialists.