Head and neck cancer refers to several types of cancers that affect the head and neck region of the body such as the mouth, throat, nose, salivary glands, and other locations of the head and neck. These cancers account for approximately 3% to 5% of all cancers in India. It is more common in men and in people above age 50. These cancers are very treatable if detected early and are easily preventable. Alcohol and tobacco use are the most common causes of head and neck cancer. To limit the risk of head and neck cancers, stop using tobacco products and limit the amount of alcohol and avoid indoor tanning. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is also an important risk factor for a few types of head and neck cancers.
What are the signs and symptoms of head & neck cancer?
The signs and symptoms of head & neck cancer are usually dependent on the cancer location. The common signs and symptoms are:
If you notice any of these symptoms, it is necessary to check with your oncologist immediately. They may be signs of less severe conditions, but a thorough exam should be done.
What are the types of head & neck cancer?
There are several different types of head and neck cancers. Your surgeon can tell you more about the type you have. The most common types are:
What are the causes of head and neck cancer?
The basic causes of head and neck cancer include:
What is the best way to prevent head and neck cancer?
Different types of cancer are caused by different factors. Researchers are still investigating what factors cause this type of cancer, as well as ways to prevent it. Although there is no proven method of completely preventing this disease, you may be able to reduce your risk. Speak with your health care team to learn more about your personal cancer risk.
The most important thing a person can do to reduce their risk is to stop using all tobacco products, even if they have been smoking for many years. Other preventive measures for head and neck cancer include:
How head and neck cancers are diagnosed?
During your yearly checkup, your doctor should examine the insides of your mouth, nose, and throat. They should also examine your neck for lumps. This is especially true if you use tobacco or have used it in the past, or if you regularly consume alcohol.
If you have symptoms of head or neck cancer or your doctor notices anything unusual during your yearly exam, you may need to have a few tests. These may include:
If you have head or neck cancer, your healthcare specialist will try to figure out how far it has advanced, or what stage it is in. They’ll also check if it has spread to other organs of your body.
What kind of treatment is required?
There are numerous ways to cure head or neck cancer, but the major types of treatment are local or systemic. Surgery and radiation therapy are used to treat cancer locally. They do not influence the rest of the body. This is known as a local treatment. Chemo and targeted therapy drugs go through the entire body.
Generally, doctors use both local and systemic treatments for head and neck cancers. The treatment plan that is perfect for you will depend on:
The treatments of head and neck cancer may include:
Cancer Therapy India is regarded as one of the best head neck cancer hospitals in Bangalore. We have a multidisciplinary team of top head and neck cancer surgeons who works with patients to help them make informed decisions about their treatment options, while also offering therapies to control potential side effects
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