Eye cancer, also known as ocular cancer, is a type of cancer that occurs in the eye or surrounding tissues. It can occur in different parts of the eye, such as the eyelids, the iris, the conjunctiva, the cornea, the lens, the optic nerve, and the retina. You can consult an eye cancer oncologist in Bangalorefor a proper diagnosis and treatment.
Types of eye cancer
There are several types of eye cancer, and each type can have different symptoms and treatment options. The most common types of eye cancer are melanoma, lymphoma, and retinoblastoma.
Melanoma is a type of cancer that develops in the cells that produce pigment in the eye. It can occur in different parts of the eye, including the iris, the choroid, and the conjunctiva. Melanoma of the eye is also known as uveal melanoma.
Lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the lymphocytes, a type of white blood cells. It can occur in the conjunctiva, the eyelid, or the orbit, which is the bony socket that surrounds the eye.
Retinoblastoma is a rare type of cancer that develops in the cells of the retina, the layer of tissue at the back of the eye that detects light.
What is the main cause of eye cancer?
The main causes of eye cancer include:
Genetic mutations: Some types of eye cancer, such as retinoblastoma, are caused by mutations in specific genes that control the growth and division of cells.
Prolonged exposure to sunlight: Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight can increase the risk of developing eye cancer, particularly on the eyelids and on the surface of the eye.
Age: The risk of developing eye cancer increases as people get older.
Hereditary conditions: Certain genetic conditions, such as neurofibromatosis type 1 and von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, can increase the risk of developing eye cancer.
Exposure to certain chemicals: Exposure to certain chemicals, such as asbestos and some industrial chemicals, can increase the risk of developing eye cancer.
While some factors can increase the risk of developing eye cancer, it's not always possible to identify a specific cause. So, regular eye exams and early detection are critical in the diagnosis and treatment of eye cancer.
What are the signs & symptoms of eye cancer?
Signs and symptoms of eye cancer can include:
Changes in vision: This can include blurred vision, double vision, partial vision loss, or seeing flashing lights or spots.
Eye pain or discomfort: This can be persistent or intermittent pain, pressure, or discomfort in or around the eye.
Appearance of a lump or bump: This may be visible on the surface of the eye, or on the eyelid, and could be accompanied by swelling or redness.
Change in the appearance of the eye: This may include a change in the size or shape of the eye or a change in the color of the iris.
Sensitivity to light: The eye may be more sensitive to bright light or have trouble adjusting to changes in lighting.
Eye redness: The eye may be red or inflamed, and there may be blood vessels visible on the surface.
Persistent tearing: The eye may produce excess tears or there may be discharge from the eye.
Changes in the color of the iris: The colored part of the eye may appear to be different in color or may have dark spots.
How to avoid eye cancer?
While there is no surefire way to completely prevent eye cancer, there are a few things you can do to reduce your risk:
Protect your eyes from harmful UV rays: Exposure to the sun's UV rays increases the risk of eye cancer. Always wear sunglasses that block 99% to 100% of UVA and UVB radiation when you're outside.
Get regular eye exams: Visit your eye doctor for a comprehensive eye exam on a regular basis. Early detection of eye cancer can increase the chances of successful treatment.
Maintain a healthy lifestyle: A healthy lifestyle can help reduce your risk of developing cancer. Eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and maintain a healthy weight.
What is the best treatment for eye cancer?
The best treatment for eye cancer depends on the type and stage of the cancer. Treatment options for eye cancer may include:
Surgery: Surgery may be used to remove the cancerous tissue from the eye. In some cases, the entire eye may need to be removed.
Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays to destroy cancer cells. It can be applied both individually and in conjunction with other therapies.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy cancer cells. It can be applied either on its own or in conjunction with other therapies.
Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy uses the body's immune system to fight cancer. This may involve the use of drugs or other substances to boost the immune system.
Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy uses drugs or other substances to target specific molecules that are involved in the growth and spread of cancer cells.
The choice of treatment will depend on factors such as the size and location of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, and the overall health of the patient. Treatment for eye cancer is usually provided by a team of doctors and healthcare professionals who specialize in the treatment of eye cancer.
How is eye cancer diagnosed?
Eye cancer is diagnosed by either an ocular oncologist or an expert in eye diseases (ophthalmologist). Before examining that the patient has cancer, they may carry out a number of procedures to rule out other, more frequent eye problems.
Eye examination: An eye doctor (ophthalmologist) will examine the eye with a slit lamp to check for abnormalities, such as changes in the color, size, or shape of the eye.
Imaging tests: Imaging tests like ultrasound, MRI, or CT scans can provide detailed pictures of the eye and surrounding tissues. These tests can help determine the location and extent of the cancer.
Biopsy: If a suspicious mass or lesion is found, a small sample of tissue can be taken from the eye and examined under a microscope to determine if cancer cells are present.
Blood tests: Blood tests may be used to help diagnose certain types of eye cancer, such as ocular melanoma.
In Conclusion, If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to consult an ophthalmologist or a healthcare provider for a proper diagnosis and treatment. CTI offers you the best and top eye cancer treatment in Bangalore. So, follow their advice regarding how frequently you should have routine eye exams to detect vision problems and other conditions that may affect your eyes.