Bone Marrow Biopsy and Aspiration

bone marrow aspiration hospital bangalore.

What is bone marrow?

Bone marrow is a soft and spongy tissue found in the centre of most bones. There are two types of bone marrow: red bone marrow (myeloid tissue) and yellow bone marrow (fatty tissue). It contains stem cells and is enriched with blood vessels and capillaries.

What is bone marrow aspiration?

Bone marrow aspiration is a procedure performed to collect and examine bone marrow by taking a sample of the liquid part of the soft tissue. It is performed to check if there is anything unhealthy with bone marrow.

What are the conditions related to Bone Marrow?

Condition and diseases related to bone marrow problems include:

  • Anemia
  • Myelofibrosis or myelodysplastic syndrome
  • Leukopenia or polycythemia vera
  • Leukemia or lymphoma 
  • Cancers of the bone marrow or blood
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Amyloidosis

How are bone marrow aspiration and bone marrow biopsy different?

  • Bone Marrow Biopsy: It is performed using a needle and a small amount of solid sample is taken and examined in the laboratory. Usually, the hip bone is taken for these procedures.
  • Bone Marrow Aspiration: In this procedure, a small amount of bone marrow fluid is taken through a needle.

What are the risks associated with bone marrow aspiration?

All procedure has some type of risk such as:

  • Allergic reaction to anesthesia
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Infection
  • Long-lasting discomfort

The risks are very rare and usually occur when a patient has a weakened immune system or low platelet count.

How should one prepare for bone marrow aspiration?

If you are on any medications or have any allergies then discuss them with the doctors. If you are nervous about the procedure then tell your doctor, they may give you a mild sedative to help you relax.

How is bone marrow aspiration performed?

The doctor will ask you to lie down on your side or abdomen. Your body will be covered with a cloth and the area to be examined is visible. The doctor will check your temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure before the procedure.

The anesthesiologist will give you local anesthesia to numb the area and a combination of IV medications to help with sedation and pain.

Then the surgeon will insert a hollow needle into the bone. The centre portion of the needle is removed and a syringe is attached to take out the fluid of the marrow.
If your doctor has suggested this procedure then you can book an appointment with cancer therapy India for a bone marrow aspiration hospital in Bangalore.

How long is the procedure?

The procedures usually take around 30 minutes.

What happens after the bone marrow aspiration?

There will be mild pain for a week after the procedure which can be managed by pain relievers. Keep your wound dry for 24 hours after the procedure and take care of it.

Is Bone Marrow Aspiration painful?

No, you will be given local anesthesia before the procedure so you might feel just a stinging sensation before the skin starts to feel numb. You may feel a little discomfort when the needle is inserted into the skin.

Do I require a bystander?

It will be good if you will call someone to take you home after the procedure is completed since you might feel a little drowsy due to the anesthesia.

Can I do my regular activities? 

Your doctor will tell you about when you can resume your regular activities. Get in touch with the doctor before doing anything that requires a lot of energy and power.

Why someone needs a bone marrow biopsy?

The doctor will suggest a bone marrow biopsy if he/she thinks that you have:

  • Unexplained anemia
  • Abnormal red blood cells, white blood cells or platelets
  • Lack of iron
  • Cancers of the blood-forming tissue
  • Response to chemotherapy
  • Cancer spread to the bone marrow

When should you contact the doctor?

Visit the doctor if you have:

  • Bleeding that doesn’t stop
  • A persistent fever
  • Severe pain
  • Swelling at the procedure site
  • Increased redness or drainage at the biopsy site

When will you get the results?

After the procedure is completed, the doctor sends the result to the laboratory for tests and the results are available within a few days, sometimes it may take a little longer.

What is the bone marrow test cost in Bangalore?

Bone marrow biopsy cost varies depending on the patient’s condition and the facilities provided by the hospital.  Book an appointment with Cancer Therapy India for a bone marrow biopsy in Bangalore.