Bone Cancer - Symptoms and Causes

Bone cancer - Symptoms and causes

Bone cancer develops in the bone when the cells of cancer grow and develop in a bone and it can also harm normal bone tissue. The type of tissue and cell where cancer primarily begins determines the kind or type of bone cancer. 

Cancers that are structured in the bone itself are known as primary bone cancers. There are many tumors that begin in different organs or other parts of the body and can spread to the bones as well. These growth and development are known as metastatic or secondary bone cancers. For example, lung, prostate, and breast tumors commonly metastasize to the bones.  

As per the study bone cancers are very rare and make up less than 1% of all cancers. Moreover, noncancerous bone tumors are more common than these cancerous ones, irrespective of age and sex, and can be well treated with the help of bone cancer specialists.

From where bone cancer usually starts

It primarily depends on which kind of bone cancer an individual has. There are four types of primary bone cancer, which include, 

  • Osteosarcoma
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Ewing sarcoma
  • Chordoma

Treatment is required in order to minimize the risk of any other issues coming from primary bone cancer such as joint problems, weak bones, and destruction of healthy bone tissue. 

Causes and Risk factors of bone cancer

As per the studies, experts cannot find the exact cause of bone cancer, but they have found a connection between bone cancer and other factors. The most important and relevant factor is being exposed to radiation during any treatment, hereditary conditions, and many others. As it is not clear still now what exactly causes bone cancer, bone cancer specialist have specified some of the factors that are associated with a maximized risk, such as, 

  • Inherited genetic syndromes are rare genetic syndromes that are passed through families and maximize the risk of bone cancer which include hereditary retinoblastoma and Li-Fraumeni syndrome. 
  • Radiation therapy for cancer as exposure to heavy doses of radiation increases the risk of bone cancer. 
  • Paget’s disease of bone is the most common and is primarily occurring in older adults. 

Symptoms of Bone Cancer 

People with bone cancer have no particular symptoms other than experiencing a painless lump. There are symptoms that can occur due to other conditions which include Lyme disease or arthritis which delay the diagnosis treatment. The most common signs and symptoms of bone cancer include, 

  • Pain 
  • Limping
  • Joint stiffness and swellings
  • Feeling extra tired and fatigued
  • Difficulty in moving around
  • Other symptoms such as fever, unexpected loss of weight, and anemia

If you are highly concerned about any kind of changes that you are experiencing, it is important to talk with your doctor. Bone cancer specialists at the best hospital for bone cancer, Cancer Therapy India will ask how long and often you have been facing the symptoms. This helps the doctor to figure out the cause of the problem and accordingly provide a better diagnosis and treatment plan. It is important to talk with the bone care specialist about the symptoms you are experiencing including any new symptoms or a transformation in symptoms with an aim of getting treatment at the hands of experts.